The well known football coach confirmed in 2012 that he had cancer, but continued with his training commitments.
Sheffield Wednesday led tributes on social media for the Owls fan and former community programme manager at the club.
Adams began his Worksop Town career in the 1980s, before spells at Scarborough, Doncaster Rovers and Boston United, among others.
He was signed for Worksop by John Saunders at the start of the 1982/3 season.
He went on to score three times that season and was retained for 1983/4, getting another three goals.
The next season saw him score 14 times for the Tigers and he added 12 more before a move to Scarborough.
He was part of the Worksop Town Presidents Cup winning side of 1985/6 and the Sheffield Senior Cup winning team of a year earlier and was a great favourite of the Central Avenue faithful.
Tigers historian Steve Jarvis said: “His death was a shock to all and he will be sadly missed.
“I can see him now sprinting down the wing on that great football field in the sky, ball at his feet. Rest in peace mate.”
Paul Cavell was a team-mate of Adams and will remember him fondly.
“Steve was a great character to be with on and off the pitch, you knew you was in for a laugh in the time spent with him.
“But most of all he was the best footballer I ever played with, a speedy tricky winger who took full-backs on and gave them a hard time throughout the game - with a few comments to them as he went past.
“Rest in peace Steve, God has signed a great player.”
After his playing career Adams was involved in coaching countless junior players at clubs and through his own business, Tricky Wingers.